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Essay on Sarojini Naidu in English For Students & Children
Sarojini Naidu Essay
Sarojini Naidu is known as the ‘Nightingale of India’. She showed a marked flair’ for literature at an early age. Her expression in beautiful English verses made her a prominent figure in literature. In England, Edmund Gosse and Arthur Symons prompted’ her to be more Indian in poetry writing.
Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad on 13 February 1879. Her family was well known for its scholarly background. She was the eldest among the eight children of Aghorenath Chattopadhyay and Baradasundari. Her father was a scientist and an educationist. Both her parents used to compose poetry. Sarojini and her brother Harindranath inherited the talent from their parents.
Sarojini completed her matriculation at the age of 12 years. She was a brilliant student from the beginning. She stood first in the Madras Presidency College. Then she went to England for her higher studies. First, she studied at King’s College in London. Then she attended Girton College in Cambridge.
She started composing verses at a very young age. During her stay in England, she earned high praise for her poetry. Her poems also got recognition from eminent literary men of her time.
Sarojini got married to Dr. Govindrajulu Naidu in 1898 after her return from England. Her husband was a military doctor. They settled down in Hyderabad. She brought up her four children with loving tenderness. She had a happy family, full of love and affection. Her poetry of that period reflected her mood of ecstasy.
During the freedom movement, Gopal Krishna Gok hale advised her to ‘ join them. And she took the plunge’ Before entering national politics, Sarojini Naidu worked with Gandhiji as a volunteer in South Africa. She protested against the racist government of SouthAfrica.
Sarojini Naidu acquired a significant place through her literary works. Some of her renowned poems are Feather of the Dawn, Golden Threshold, Bird of Time, The Song of India, and The Broken Wing.
In 1916, Mrs. Annie Besant called for a Home Rule League. At that time, Sarojini relegated’ her literary and domestic activities to the background. Soon she became an all-India leader. She placed herself at the forefront of the freedom struggle. Her work distinguished her as one of the chief lieutenants6 and confidants of Gandhiji.
In 1925, the Congress session took place in Kanpur. Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian lady to preside over the Congress. Later she became the spokesperson of the Congress party. When she was the Congress president, she gave the clarion. call to the Indian folk. She told the people to uplift themselves socially, economically, industrially, and intellectually.
She was awarded the Kaiser-e-Hind medal in recognition of her social services. But she returned the prize in protest against the Jallianwalla Bagh killings. Sarojini Naidu was the symbol of courage and fearlessness. She took over the charge of the Civil Disobedience Movement during the Salt Satyagraha. She led the salt raids at Dharsana in 1930.
This was Sarojini Naidu, who said, ‘Do not touch me, I am the Agni of India’. During the Salt Satyagraha, she said this to a British police officer. In 1942, during the Quit India Movement, she was put behind bars with Gandhiji at the Aga Khan Palace, Poona.
She toured foreign countries several times. From 1922 to 1926, she stayed in South Africa and protested against apartheid. She participated in the Round Table Conference in 1931 in England. In 1947, she became the Chairperson of the Asian Relations Conference. She was the first lady Governor of the United Province (now Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal). She held this post until her death.
Sarojini Naidu stressed the need for Hindu-Muslim unity in India. She emphasized the spread of education. She urged the people to come out of the darkness of ignorance and superstition. She raised her voice for issues on women. Therefore, she is remembered as a national leader and a champion of women’s rights.
As a national leader, she was always conscious of India’s political liberation. As a woman, she rebelled against the injustice done to women. She advocated that education is the most important criteria for women’s freedom and development. Her stirring words made Indian women conscious of their rights and strength. Her daughter Padmaja Naidu was highly influenced by her mother. So, she also dedicated herself to the social and political field of India.
Sarojini Naidu was recognized as a champion of the emancipation of women. She fought all her life against poverty, ignorance, and social taboos. On 2 March 1949, she passed away at the age of seventy.
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