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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English For Students & Children
A Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 100 words
Mahatma Gandhi was the one who created a historical epoch for his principle of non-violence. He adopted this principle to achieve political independence and social progress for India. His political career started in South Africa. He launched many movements to compel the British to leave India. He led the famous ‘Dandi March’ for breaking the Salt Law. He worked for the upliftment of the Harijans. He tried hard to unite the Hindus and the Muslims. He talked about Gram Swaraj and encouraged small-scale cottage industries. Non-violence, truth, simplicity, and brotherhood were his ideals. He is the personality of the millennium.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 200 words
Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest men in history. He was born at Porbandar in Gujarat on October 2, 1869. Sometimes, he is lovingly called “Bapu”. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was called as “Mahatma” by Rabindranath Tagore.
He went to England for higher studies. He did law there. He was called to the Bar in 1891.
As a lawyer, he was not very successful, but he always followed the truth and the dictates of his conscience. Even at school, he had not been a brilliant student but he always took care of his character.
He went to South Africa where he fought for justice for Indians. It was there that he first tested his ideology of truth, Satyagrah, and non-violence.
After returning to India, he joined the freedom struggle. He made Sabarmati the center of his activities. He started the passive resistance, picketing of foreign goods, and civil disobedience movement. He himself went to jail many times.
He had the magic of truth and sincerity in his words and people followed him. He had a firm faith in God and his chief aim was to serve humanity at large.
He started the Quit India Movement. It was mainly because of his efforts that India got freedom on August 15, 1947.
Unfortunately, he was assassinated by Nathu Ram Godse on January 30. 1948. That day is now celebrated as “Martyr”s Day.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay In English in 1000 words
Mahatma Gandhi is known as the ‘Father of the Nation’. He led the national freedom struggle against British rule. He is known to the world for his concept and practice of non-violence.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat (India). His father Karamchand Gandhi was the divan (Chief Minister) of Porbandar. His mother Putlibai was a religious lady. So, Gandhiji was reared in a religious home following the principle of Vaishnavism (worship of Lord Vishnu) and Jainism. Both faiths advocate ahimsa (non-injury to all living beings).
Gandhiji received formal education at Rajkot and Bhavanagar (India). He studied law in England and became a Barrister in 1891. He went to South Africa as a legal counsel to an Indian firm in 1893. He was shocked to see the racial discrimination there. He protested against the South African Government and was repeatedly imprisoned.
Gandhiji came back to India and set up Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad. When he admitted Harijans in it, he was opposed by orthodox Hindus. Because of his activities in South Africa, he became a popular figure in India and other British colonies. So, on his return to India, he was accepted as an esteemed leader. Before this, during his study in London, he came in contact with great personalities like Edward Carpenter, George Bernard Shaw, and Annie Besant. They inspired him to lead the freedom struggle in India.
In 1917, he launched the first Satyagraha campaign at Champaran, Bihar in India. He protested against the removal of the grievances of Indian peasants. Gandhiji tried to create awareness among the people about their rights and duties. To propagate his ideas and learnings, he edited two journals, Navajivan, and Young India. Later, Young India was renamed Harijan.
When the British Government in India passed the Rowlatt Act, Gandhiji urged the people to protest against it. During the protest, Martial Law has declared in Punjab and the Jallianwallah Bagh tragedy took place. Gandhiji realized that unity among the Hindus and the Muslims is essential. He felt that non-cooperation is the appropriate way to seek justice from the British Government.
Under the leadership of Gandhiji, the Non-Cooperation Movement started nationwide in 1920. But, he called off the movement due to the Chauri-Chaura incident in Bihar. In March 1922, Gandhiji was sentenced to six years imprisonment for writing seditious2 articles. He was released on medical grounds in 1924. He campaigned intensively for Khadi and Swadeshi. He started Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. To violate the Salt Law, his famous march known as the Dandi March started from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi Beach.
Gandhiji represented the Indian National Congress in the Second Round Table Conference in London. The Conference was not fruitful because it concentrated on communal issues of India rather than giving freedom to India. He was arrested on his return for having the intention to restart the Civil Disobedience Movement.
The British Government introduced a separate electoral scheme for the Harijans under the British Communal Award. Gandhiji went on for a fast unto death while protesting against this. The Poona Agreement was signed to save his life. He took up a wide range of welfare activities for the upliftment of the untouchables. It was Gandhiji who first opened the doors of temples for the Harijans.
In 1942, during the Second World War, Gandhiji launched the Quit India Movement. Along with many Congress leaders, he was arrested. He remained in prison for about three years. It was due to his continuous efforts and sacrifice that India became free in 1947. Gandhiji could not stop the division of India in spite of his honest attempts. It was, however, a great disappointment for Gandhiji.
In the new Government, he did not take any official position. During the partition of India, communal violence occurred all over India. In January 1948, he observed a fast for the cause of communal harmony in free India. On 30 January 1948, in the prayer hall at Birla House, Delhi, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.
Gandhiji made an immense contribution to the awakening of nationalism in India. Rabindranath Tagore first called him ‘Mahatma’. He has rightly been called the ‘Father of the Nation’. He was the creator of modern India. It won’t be wrong to say that his principle of ahimsa or non-violence gave freedom to India.
Mahatma Gandhi was the greatest advocate of Hindu-Muslim unity. He may rightly be called the apostles of communal harmony. After the partition of India, thousands of refugees came from West Pakistan. Gandhiji went on fast for their safe settlement in Delhi. Though Gandhiji passed away, he left his deeds as his message to humanity. Non-violence, truth, and simple living were his high ideals. He was also the pioneer of Gram Swaraj. He said that the village should be free from evils like untouchability, communal feeling, and should be self-reliant. Thus, he talked about co-operatives and the Panchayati Raj system in the villages. He encouraged small-scale cottage industries.
The great scientist Albert Einstein once said, “Generations to come will find it difficult to believe that such a man ever walked the earth in flesh and blood.” No doubt, Gandhiji’s immense charisma’ as a national leader made him the personality of the millennium.
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