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Essay on Reservation in India For Students & Children
Short Essay on Reservation in English
The reservation occupies an important place in the Indian Constitution. Through reservation, Constitution safeguards the social, economic, and educational interests of minority groups. These include the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, backward classes, and Anglo-Indians. The total reservation for the minorities amounts to a little less than 50 percent. The Reservation Policy of the Indian Constitution is based on the Poona Pact signed in 1932 between Mahatma Gandhi and B.R. Ambedkar. There is a reservation for the minorities in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies. Reservation widens the traditional gap. It leads to malpractices and creates resentment among students and job seekers. Reservation should be based on economic conditions, not caste.
Essay on Reservation System in India
In the Indian Constitution, the reservation occupies an important place. The framers of the Indian Constitution took care to safeguard the interests of the minorities. The objective is to protect them against any discrimination and to help them get integrated into the mainstream of national life. The Constitution safeguards the social, economic, and educational interests of minority groups. Thirty-three of 395 Articles in the Constitution deals with the provision of reservation for the minorities.
The minority groups include the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, Anglo-Indians, and backward classes. The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes get the maximum benefits. The total reservation for the minorities amounts to a little less than 50 percent, of which 27 percent is reserved for backward classes.
The current reservation for SC/ST is based on a pact called the Poona Pact signed between Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar in 1932. The Mandal Commission identified 3743 castes as backward castes.
The general principle adopted as regards government service is merit, but some relaxation’ is allowed for the minorities. Under Article 330, seats are to be reserved for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the Lok Sabha. Reservation has to be made in each state and union territory on a population basis. Similarly, Article 332 lays down the same provisions for State Legislative Assemblies.
Our government claims to establish a casteless society. But the government itself recognises discrimination in society. Reservations are based on castes. India is a developing economy. Poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, and backwardness are the burning problems that India is facing. These are prevalent not only in the minority groups but also in the general groups.
Thus. the caste system and the provisions laid by the Constitution on reservation widens the traditional gap. This system is a threat to the unity and integrity of our country.
Reservation has given rise to malpractice. People belonging to the upper classes produce false certificates of SC/ST to secure admission to professional courses. The reservation policy has not fully benefitted even the people belonging to SCs and STs. Harijans are as poverty-stricken and backward as they were at the time when India got freedom. Reservation has proved to be a blessing to a few.
Reservation has led to a lot of dissatisfaction and resentment among students who cannot get admission to the courses they seek to pursue. Job seekers face a similar problem. The Supreme Court also recommended delinking of reservations from castes. Reservations may seem unfair as they may deprive’ the meritorious and deserving candidates.
The government maintains that the scheme must continue so that the minorities do not feel neglected. Reservation can make them equal partners in deciding the destiny of the nation.
Reservation should not be based on caste. It should be based on the economic condition of an individual. Prime importance should be given to merit. The reservation policy should be revised. It should be planned in such a way that it does not disturb the integrity of the country.
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