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Essay on Bal Gangadhar Tilak in English For Students and Children
Essay on Bal Gangadhar Tilak 500 words
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was one of the greatest patriots of India. He is known for his famous slogan:
“Swaraj is my birth-right and I shall have it.”
Earlier, the Indian politicians had been just discussing the idea of freedom or at the most petitioning the British government to grant independence to the Indians. Tilak who was a member of an extremist group like Lala Lajpat Rai showed that the Indians will have to fight out for independence through a mass movement.
He started the famous Ganesh Festival in Mumbai to bring about an awakening and a spirit of integration among the Indians. He is rightly known as “The father of political unrest in India”. It was for his capacity to lead and make sacrifices for India and the Indian people that he was known as “Lokmanya Tilak”.
He was born at Ratnagiri on 23rd July 1856. Ratnagiri is situated on the Konkan Coast in western Maharashtra.
Tilak was born in an orthodox Brahmin family. His father was a poor primary school teacher who later became a school inspector.
It was from his father that Tilak inherited a love for Sanskrit, mathematics, and Indian cultural heritage. His book “Gita Rahasya’, a treatise on the real meaning of the Gita, is well-known.
After passing his matriculation examination from the Poona High School at the age of sixteen, he joined the Deccan College, Poona, for higher education.
He completed his graduation at the age of 21 and two years later obtained a degree in law and became a pleader.
He started two weeklies: “Maratha” in English and “Kesari” in Marathi in 1881. He was one of the pioneers who established the Deccan Education Society in 1885.
Apart from the Ganapati Festival at which the god Ganesh was worshipped, he also started Shivaji Festival to bring about an awakening of the national spirit along with the people.
He was greatly instrumental in popularising Swadeshi and Swaraj. He became so popular among the masses that the British got scared of his movements for spreading the idea of freedom and he was sent to jail in Mandalay in Myanmar (Burma).
After he completed his jail term, he started the Home Rule Movement. He went to England in 1918 as a member of the Home Rule League. He breathed his last on August 1, 1920. He has left an indelible impression on the history of India.
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