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Essay on Bal Gangadhar Tilak in English For Students and Children
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Essay in 300 to 350 words
There have been many heroes of India’s freedom. Among them, the name of Bal Gangadhar Tilak shines with a lustre all its own. India produced many great men during British rule. But few could equal Lokmanya Tilak in scholarship, intellectual power, and heroism. He was a Maharashtrian but his name and fame reached the remotest corners of India. Lokmanya Tilak’s name had a magic quality. Though he died more than half a century ago, yet small children feel inspired by his name even today.
He was not born in a rich family. His parents were just able to provide for his education at school and college. He gave proof of un-common talents for mathematics. He had a genius for the difficult work of research in antiquity. His scholarly works, Orions, The Arctic Home of the Aryans, and Geeta Rahasya are world-famous. They are landmarks in the history of Indian scholarship. His writings won the admiration of the great minds of Europe.
He began his career as a teacher at Poona. Soon he gave up his job as a professor and took to public life. He founded a Marathi paper called The Kesari and an English paper called The Maratha. These were examples of fine and fearless journalism. They became immensely popular.
The British Government smelt danger to its existence in Tilak’s advocacy of India’s freedom. He was arrested and tried in a court of law and transported to Mandalay in Burma. This act of highhanded-ness became a talk in every Indian house. Tilak became a legendary figure.
He was released from prison during the First Great World War. At this time the freedom movement in India was at its height. Tilak renewed his struggle for India’s freedom. The First War ended in 1918. Soon after took place the tragedy of Jalianwala Bagh. Tilak’s fight for freedom was now joined by Mahatma Gandhi. These two became the idols of the nation. In 1920 Tilak died in Bombay. His death was universally mourned by a grateful nation. His name and his example serve as a beacon light to the present generation and will continue to do so to the generations yet unborn.
Essay on Bal Gangadhar Tilak 500 words
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was one of the greatest patriots of India. He is known for his famous slogan:
“Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it.”
Earlier, the Indian politicians had been just discussing the idea of freedom or at the most petitioning the British government to grant independence to the Indians. Tilak who was a member of an extremist group like Lala Lajpat Rai showed that the Indians will have to fight out for independence through a mass movement.
He started the famous Ganesh Festival in Mumbai to bring about an awakening and a spirit of integration among the Indians. He is rightly known as “The father of political unrest in India”. It was for his capacity to lead and make sacrifices for India and the Indian people that he was known as “Lokmanya Tilak”.
He was born at Ratnagiri on 23rd July 1856. Ratnagiri is situated on the Konkan Coast in western Maharashtra.
Tilak was born in an orthodox Brahmin family. His father was a poor primary school teacher who later became a school inspector.
It was from his father that Tilak inherited a love for Sanskrit, mathematics, and Indian cultural heritage. His book “Gita Rahasya’, a treatise on the real meaning of the Gita, is well-known.
After passing his matriculation examination from the Poona High School at the age of sixteen, he joined the Deccan College, Poona, for higher education.
He completed his graduation at the age of 21 and two years later obtained a degree in law and became a pleader.
He started two weeklies: “Maratha” in English and “Kesari” in Marathi in 1881. He was one of the pioneers who established the Deccan Education Society in 1885.
Apart from the Ganapati Festival at which the god Ganesh was worshipped, he also started Shivaji Festival to bring about an awakening of the national spirit along with the people.
He was greatly instrumental in popularising Swadeshi and Swaraj. He became so popular among the masses that the British got scared of his movements for spreading the idea of freedom and he was sent to jail in Mandalay in Myanmar (Burma).
After he completed his jail term, he started the Home Rule Movement. He went to England in 1918 as a member of the Home Rule League. He breathed his last on August 1, 1920. He has left an indelible impression on the history of India.
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