PTE Solved Essay Many species in the world are on the verge of extinction, how do you see it?
More and more wild animals are on the verge of extinction and others are on the endangered list. What are the reasons for this? What can be done to solve this problem?
“Each and every animal on Earth has as much right to be here as you and me.” – Anthony Douglas Williams.
History has witnessed several natural extinctions owing to climate changes or the quest for the survival of the fittest. However, plant and animal extinction and endangerment have increased at an alarming rate in the last couple of centuries with the advent of industrialization and an unprecedented increase in human population.
There are several causes of this extinction. The single greatest threat to our biodiversity is habitat loss whether caused by natural disasters (floods, hurricanes etc.) or human demands (agriculture, deforestation etc.) “When all the trees and plants have gone, where will all the wild animals live?”, Dr. Josa Depre’s quote paints a grim picture that will ultimately lead to the species becoming extinct. Illegal and unregulated hunting and poaching of rare plants and animals push vulnerable species towards extinction. Oftentimes, several new plant and animal species introduced to a locality upset the balance of the local ecosystem, thus pushing the most vulnerable native taxa towards extinction. Overpopulation, competition for resources and spread of disease are some other factors that cause extinction.
We can all do our part to prevent this Sixth Mass Extinction. Reducing our carbon footprint, eating less meat, avoiding products made from threatened or endangered species (ivory, coral etc.), recycling and going sustainable and eating local and organic produce are some ways that we can help curb the wave of extinction.
Kaziranga National Park in Assam houses the world’s largest population of the rare and endangered one-horned rhinoceros. Rapid poaching of this species has spurred the government to take stringent measures against defaulters. Conservation has been militarized and a war on poaching has been waged with the government allowing forest rangers to use drones with a license to shoot-on-sight as an anti-poaching measure.
Extinction is forever. Only when we look into the eyes of an animal and see not just an animal but a fellow living being, a friend with a soul, will we be able to fight the evils of extinction.
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