PTE Academic Listening Summarize Spoken Text Practice– You will hear a text/article. Write a summary 50-70 words. This type of task test your listenings and writing skills. You will have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the article.
#1 Summarize Spoken Text sample
The self-perception theory is able to provide an explanation of how people develop self-knowledge from behavior even when there is no inconsistency between prior beliefs and behavior. For instance, the self-perception theory can account for how people find out that they have an intrinsic liking for an activity that they did not previously enjoy, even when there are not obvious reasons to explain their behavior. Conversely, the self-perception theory can explain how people deduce that they are not intrinsically fond of an activity that they once enjoyed when there are obvious situational incentives that can explain their behavior.Full Transcript
The cognitive dissonance theory cannot explain this type of self-view development because the behavior in question does not conflict with the initial belief. The self-perception theory, on the other hand, can, because it does not assume that initial beliefs need to contradict behavior for people to form self-knowledge.
In addition, the self-perception theory comes into use in many marketing or persuasive techniques and helps explain the foot-in-the-door phenomenon, a compliance tactic according to which a person is more likely to agree to a large request if presented with a smaller request first. Furthermore, self-perception processes are believed to be connected with topics such as interpersonal attraction and pain perception.
# 2 Summarize Spoken Text sample
Take one round-trip flight between New York and California, and you’ve generated about 20 percent of the greenhouse gases that your car emits over an entire year.
If you are like many people, flying may be a large portion of your carbon footprint. Over all, the aviation industry accounts for 11 percent of all transportation-related emissions in the United States. Full Transcript
According to some estimates, about 20,000 planes are in use around the world, serving three billion passengers annually. By 2040, more than 50,000 planes could be in service, and they are expected to fly more often.
If you’re flying, you’re adding a significant amount of planet-warming gases to the atmosphere — there’s no way around it. But there are some ways to make your airplane travel a little bit greener.