PTE exam summarizes written text. Read the passage below and summarize it in one sentence using 5 to 75 words (30 to 35 words). You have 10 minutes to summarize each passage. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage
1. Read the passage and summarize it in your words-
“We examined how signaling busyness at work impacts perceptions of status in the eyes of others,” write authors Silvia Bellezza (Columbia University), Neeru Paharia, and Anat Keinan (both Harvard University). “We found that the more we believe that people have the opportunity for social affirmation based on hard work, the more we tend to think that people who skip leisure and work all the time are of higher standing.”
High-status Americans a generation ago might have boasted about their lives of leisure, but today they’re more likely to engage in humblebrag, telling those around them how they “have no life” or desperately need a vacation.
To explore this phenomenon, the authors conducted a series of studies, drawing participants mostly from Italy and the US. While busyness at work is associated with high status among Americans, the effect is reversed for Italians, who still view a leisurely life as representative of high status.
Further, the authors found that the use of products and services showcasing one’s busyness can also convey status. For instance, the online shopping and delivery grocery brand Peapod signals status just as much as expensive brands, such as Whole Foods, by virtue of its associations with timesaving and a busy lifestyle.
“We uncovered an alternative type of conspicuous consumption that operated by shifting the focus from the preciousness and scarcity of goods to the preciousness and scarcity of individuals,” the authors conclude. “People’s social-mobility beliefs are psychologically driven by the perception that busy individuals possess desirable characteristics, leading them to be viewed as scarce and in demand.”
2. Read the passage and summarize it in your words-
Inclusive workplaces go the extra mile to consider the safety and comfortability of all employees, especially those from marginalized groups. For example, gendered bathrooms have the potential to make transgender and gender non-conforming employees uncomfortable, especially in light of controversial bathroom bills in multiple states that could or already do impact transgender rights. One easy way to signal a progressive, inclusive workplace is to offer unisex bathrooms in your office, said Bune.
On a broader level, inclusive spaces can be created simply by spending time with one another. Bune said the ScribbleChat team makes a point to all eat lunch together. This “leads to really interesting conversations,” and creates a “safe place to share and be heard,” she added.
If your company is bigger, creating an in-office support group or network for diverse employees can help them connect with others who share their experiences.
“Employee networks can provide a safe, open environment to spark conversations and discuss the topics that are important to the community,”