Summarize written text practice sample. Read the passage below and summarize it in one sentence using 5 to 75 words (30 to 35 words). You have 10 minutes to summarize each passage. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage
1. In a new twist on first impressions, the study found people can reliably tell if someone is richer or poorer than average just by looking at a “neutral” face, without any expression. People also use those impressions in biased ways, such as judging the rich faces more likely than the poor ones to be hired for a job, says the paper by Associate Professor Nicholas Rule and Ph.D. candidate Thora Bjornsdottir in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
“It indicates that something as subtle as the signals in your face about your social class can actually then perpetuate it,” says Bjornsdottir. “Those first impressions can become a sort of self-fulfilling prophesy. It’s going to influence your interactions, and the opportunities you have.” Just as interestingly, the researchers found the ability to read a person’s social class only applies to their neutral face and not when people are smiling or expressing emotions.
Their conclusion is that emotions mask life-long habits of expression that become etched on a person’s face even by their late teens or early adulthood, such as frequent happiness, which is stereotypically associated with being wealthy and satisfied.
2. The development of a nation’s environmental policy is very much dependent on its economic level, politics and the environmental knowledge of its citizens. In general, economic development to improve the standard of living calls for rapid expansion and construction at low cost, which sometimes comes at the expense of damage to the environment.
Third World countries, whose citizens are often struggling to obtain the basics of day-to-day living, may choose to place economic development ahead of environmental concerns. For example, a country that has the possibility of building factories near the seashore to provide badly needed jobs for its citizens immediately may be less likely to examine the effect that the factories will have on the ocean as they dump the waste products of the manufacturing process into it. Throughout the world, many leaders focus on the short-term goals of providing for today’s needs of their populace without considering the long-term results of damage to the environment.