Pearson (PTE) academic listening filling the blanks sample test. After listening to a text you have to fill the gap with a word which is missing
1. To model biological populations, they performed simulations using an agent-based model. The behaviour of populations that become (1)________ can be analysed using techniques from statistical physics. These help us to study transitions between a state where the population is active and (2)_______ in number, and an inactive state where the population goes extinct.
The authors find that in the presence of time-dependent environmental disturbances, the average time for a (3)_________ population to become extinct grows only slowly with population size. This allows even large populations to become extinct quickly. In contrast, in time-independent environmental (4)________, large populations have very long lifetimes.Show Answers
2. Transformational strategies are based on (1)________, idealism and intellectual excitement. The leader uses values, symbols and shared vision to motivate and (2)_______ employees. This approach can be used to unite people, giving them the feeling of a common cause, which can be especially important when the organization faces major change. One (3)________ of this model is that having an exciting and emotionally satisfying environment for employees does not (4)________ that the organizational goals will be achieved.Show Answers
3. How Artificial Intelligence Can Boost Audit Quality – One specific area in which auditors are taking advantage of the benefits of (1)_______ technologies is document review. Reading through stacks of contracts to extract key terms has traditionally been a time-consuming, manual process. Cognitive (2)_______ are already being (3)________ by forward-thinking firms to largely automate this process. Natural language processing (NLP) technology reads and understands key concepts in the documents. And machine-learning technology makes it possible to train the system on a set of sample contracts so that it learns how to identify and (4)_______ key terms. Using cognitive technologies, auditors may soon be able to provide clients with new ways to uncover risk hiding in plain sight in financial statements.Show Answers